Environment | 01 September 2014
The cost of air pollution: Health impacts of road transport
Outdoor air pollution kills more than 3.5 million people a year globally, far more than was previously estimated.
Air pollution has now become the biggest environmental cause of premature death, overtaking poor sanitation and a lack of clean drinking water. In most OECD countries, the death toll from heart and lung diseases caused by air pollution is much higher than the one from traffic accidents.
The report "The cost of air pollution: Health impacts of road transport", presented by OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría at the ITF's Annual Summit on 21 May 2014, calls for a phasing out of tax incentives for diesel among its recommendations.
Go to the OECD report on "The cost of air pollution: Health impacts of road transport" (external link)
Go to ITF work on health impacts of cycling
Go to ITF work on health impacts of walking