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Summit 2014  Highlights: Transport for a Changing World



Highlights in Pictures.  Summit 2014.  Transport for a Changing World.  Click to download
Transport for a Changing World
2014 Annual Summit Highlights: Session Summaries and Highlights in Pictures

Change is a dominant characteristic of our age. New technologies are creating unthought-of possibilities; demographic changes are altering our global society; a changing economic balance redistributes global opportunity; emerging lifestyles create more diversity and climate change poses challenges to the fundament of our existence. These megatrends impact transport and mobility in ways that decision makers need to reflect today in order to shape responses that will remain valid in a rapidly changing world.

The 2014 Summit of the International Transport Forum on “Transport for a Changing World” was held in Leipzig, Germany from 21-23 May 2014 and provided a platform for ministers, industry leaders, heads of international organisations and researchers to interact and reflect on these issues through keynotes, workshops, panel sessions and roundtables. This publication presents summaries of sessions and keynotes as well as a declaration adopted by ministers at the Summit. An accompanying brochure shows the breadth of the 2014 Summit in pictures.


50 + 32 pages; ITF, Paris, July 2014

2014 Highlights: Session Summaries: Download     Other languages:  Faits marquants du Forum 2014. Des transports pour un monde en changement. R&sumé des sessions.  Cliquer pour télécharger    |  View in e-reader

2014 Highlights in Pictures: Download View in e-reader

 
Road Safety Annual Report 2014 (IRTAD) Road Safety Annual Report 2014 (IRTAD)

The IRTAD Annual Report 2014 provides an overview for road safety indicators for 2012 in 37 countries, with preliminary data for 2013, and detailed reports for each country.

The report outlines the crash data collection process in IRTAD countries, describes the road safety strategies and targets in place and provides detailed safety data by road user, location and age together with information on recent trends in speeding, drink-driving and other aspects of road user behaviour.


526  pages; ITF, Paris, May 2014

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Freight Railway Development in Mexico Freight Railway Development in Mexico

Mexico has seen a transformation of its freight railway in the last fifteen years, from a declining operation increasingly dependent on large government subsidies, to a very productive and technologically improved system that operates profitably without public subsidy. The country’s rail system is now a key driver in the cross-border integration of the manufacturing sector that has developed under the North American Free Trade Agreement and the productivity benefits this generates for the region. The performance of the Mexican rail system is therefore of strategic importance not only to Mexico but to North America as a whole.

Effective competition within railways and with other modes of transport has a strong positive influence on cost efficiency, tariffs and rail service quality. At the same time, the nature of railway cost structures suggest that unconstrained head-to-head competition between operators on the same tracks can lead to some loss of operational economies of scale and scope. This study reviews the performance of Mexico’s freight railways and the strengths and weaknesses of the current framework for competition in rail freight. It examines the commercial and public policy objectives for the sector and the performance of the national industry over time. It also benchmarks performance against railways in other countries with a similar market potential for rail transport.

This report is part of the International Transport Forum’s Country Specific Policy Analysis (CSPA) series. These are topical studies on specific transport policy issues of concern to a country carried out by ITF on request.

38 pages; ITF, Paris, May 2014

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Other languages:    Examen par les pairs du développement du fret ferroviaire au Mexique       Revisión ITF-OCDE sobre el desarrollo del ferrocarril de transporte de carga en México





 
Key Transport Statistics 2014

Based on the International Transport Forum’s quarterly transport database this leaflet is published each year in May. It provides the reader with preliminary 2013 data for more than a dozen selected transport indicators as well as total imports and export values for ITF member countries. It also presents graphs and a short analysis of the transport activity in the global economic context highlighting the main changes over the previous year.

6 pages; ITF, Paris, May 2014

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Expanding Airport Capacity in Large Urban Areas . Expanding Airport Capacity in Large Urban Areas Expanding Airport Capacity in Large Urban Areas
Roundtable Report 153

Expanding airport capacity in large metropolitan areas is difficult. Community agreements on noise constrain growth at existing airports. Land prices can be prohibitive for relocating airports. Most new sites require extensive investment in surface transport links to city centres. In multi-airport regions, options for expansion at the airports are to an extent interdependent, complicating assessment of whether to build new runways.

Many major airports are hubs for network carriers at the same time as serving a large local market. The complementarity between these functions may be a prerequisite for viable network operations, suggesting that distributing services over multiple airports instead of expanding the main hub would be costly. Hub airports and their network carriers often compete with hubs in neighbouring regions. The strategies of network carriers and potential new entrants to this part of the market need to be taken into account in assessing future demand for airport capacity. The requirements of low cost and other point-to-point carriers are equally important, but different.

This report reviews international experience in reconciling planning and environmental constraints with demand for airport capacity and the potential benefits in terms of productivity and growth from developing international airline services. Experience is compared in London, New York, Tokyo, Osaka, Sydney and in Germany’s main airports with particular attention to the dynamics of airline markets and implications for airport planning in multi-airport cities.

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172 pages; OECD, Paris, May 2014
€60 ;  $84 ;  £54 ;  ¥7 800
ISBN 978-92-821-0738-6

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Long-Run Trends in Car Use
Roundtable Report 152

The growth of car use in several advanced economies has slowed down, stopped, or turned negative. The change can not be attributed to adverse economic conditions alone. Socio-demographic factors, including population ageing and changing patterns of education, working, and household composition matter. Rising urbanisation and less car-oriented policies in some cities also reduce the growth of car use, perhaps combined with changing attitudes towards mobility. Some groups choose to use cars less, others are forced to.

This report summarises insights into the drivers of change in car use. It shows that explanations are place-specific, and that projections of future car use are increasingly uncertain. The task for policy-makers is to identify mobility strategies that are robust under an increasingly wide range of plausible scenarios.

Go to summary and conclusions publication     Other languages: Evolution récente de l’utilisation de la voiture dans les économies avancées - Vers un ralentissement de la croissance ? Synthèse et conclusions

160 pages; OECD, Paris, January 2014
€45 ;  $63 ;  £40 ;  ¥5 800
ISBN 978-92-821-0592-4

Browse a free copy online      Other languages: Usage de la voiture particulière : Les tendances à long terme
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Other languages: Usage de la voiture particulière : Les tendances à long terme. Cliquez pour accéder à la librairie en ligne de l'OCDE

   
 Cycling, Health and Safety

Many jurisdictions around the world are trying to retain or increase the share of cycling in urban traffic in order to benefit from the many health and transport efficiency benefits. Safety is a key concern and should be accounted for in these policies.

This report of the International Transport Forum's Cycling Safety Working Group monitors international trends in cycling, safety and policy, and explores options that may help decision makers design safe environments for cycling. Key messages relate to strategic goal-setting for cycling policy and managing crash risks while increasing health benefits. The report also discusses how to better capture crash and bicycle usage statistics. The safety impacts of a wide range of pro-cycling measures are examined in detail.

248 pages; OECD, Paris, December 2013
€70 ;  $98 ;  £63 ;  ¥9 100
ISBN 978-92-821-0594-8

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Transport Outlook 2013: Funding Transport  ITF Transport Outlook 2013: Funding Transport

The ITF Transport Outlook brings together scenario analysis for the long term with statistics on recent trends in transport. It identifies the drivers of past and possible future trends and discusses their relevance to policy making. Factors that could drive supply and demand for transport services to higher or lower bounds are identified and their potential impact explored.

This edition presents an overview of long-run scenarios for the development of global transport volumes through 2050. The analysis highlights the impact of alternative scenarios for economic growth on passenger and freight flows and the consequences of rapid urbanisation outside the OECD on overall transport volumes and CO2 emissions. It includes a Latin American urban transport case study that explores specific characteristics of urban development and their long-term effects in urban mobility, modal shares and related CO2 emissions in the developing world.

150 pages; OECD, Paris, December 2013
€30 ;  $42 ;  £27 ;  ¥3900 ; MXN540
ISBN 978-92-821-0392-0

Browse a free copy online                 Other languages: Perspectives des transports FIT 2013  : Financer les transports      
Go to full publication at the OECD bookshop      Other languages: Perspectives des transports FIT 2013  ; Financer les transports

Go to the Presentation Video            Other languages:  ITF Transport Outlook 2013.  Presentation Video. Spanish version 
Go to the Press Release                    Other languages:  Spanish version 
Funding Transport



 Highlights in Pictures.  Summit 2013.  Funding Transport.  Click to download
Funding Transport
2013 Annual Summit Highlights: Session Summaries and Highlights in Pictures

Demand for mobility around the globe is growing rapidly. Motorisation in emerging economies continues at breath-taking pace, with the number of motor vehicles on the world’s streets rising, according to some estimates, from just over 1 billion today to 2 billion in 2020. Air passenger travel could double, air freight could triple and container handling in ports could quadruple within the next 15 years or so, according to OECD projections.

If we do not want to stifle trade and economic growth and the opportunities these bring for our citizens, we must invest in infrastructure - and we must do so now: Global investment needs to 2030 for key global transport infrastructure alone is estimated by OECD at USD 11 trillion. But policy makers face a difficult dilemma: Almost everywhere public budgets are squeezed as never before in the wake of the global financial and economic crisis. And they are likely to remain tight for quite some time.

The International Transport Forum’s Summit brought together Ministers from ITF member countries and many business leaders in total 1 000 delegates from 79 nations to test ideas, to engage with experts, to align perceptions on the funding issue and explore ways to address it. This publication presents the essence of this substantive debate. The publication is accompanied by a trilingual volume Highlights in Pictures.

44 + 32 pages; OECD, Paris, October 2013

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Better Regulation of Public-Private Partnerships for Transport Infrastructure Better Regulation of Public-Private Partnerships for Transport Infrastructure
Roundtable Report 151

Many governments seek to attract private finance for infrastructure through public-private partnerships (PPPs) in order to maintain investment at the same time as limiting public spending. Experience with PPPs has, however, been mixed. Some transport PPP projects have delivered major cost savings but many more have exceeded their budgets. PPPs are prone to overestimating revenues and when projects run into financial difficulty, risks have a tendency to revert to the taxpayer.

The report examines the nature of risks and uncertainty associated with different types of PPP project and the practical consequences of transferring risks to private partners. It assesses the fiscal impact of PPPs and discusses budget procedures and accounting rules to limit the public liabilities they can create. The report also reviews the relative merits of tolls, availability payments and regulated asset base models for attracting finance for public infrastructure from private investors on a sustainable basis.

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228 pages; OECD, Paris, October 2013
€45 ;  $63 ;  £40 ;  ¥5 800
ISBN 978-92-821-0394-4

Browse a free copy online      Other languages: Une meilleure réglementation des partenariats public-privé d'infrastructures de transport
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Other languages: Une meilleure réglementation des partenariats public-privé d'infrastructures de transport . Cliquez pour accéder à la librairie en ligne de l'OCDE

Tackling Transport's Funding Dilemma
motion magazine. Issue 3 | May 2013

This issue of motion magazine, released to coincide with the holding of the International Transport Forum's 2013 Summit on "Funding Transport" highlights one of the most difficult challenges facing our societies: How can we find the money to ensure that the growing, and also changing, demand for mobility does not overwhelm our existing infrastructure and services, while in parallel full use of new technologies is made to reduce the environmental burden and promote a more inclusive society? What financial mechanisms can we bring to bear to ensure mobility solutions that provide citizens with access to schooling, health services, job opportunities - to name but a few of the things that many of us take for granted but would not if it weren’t for the complex transport systems that put them into our daily reach.

Also in motion
Aviation: Flying high at low cost?
Reliability: The Tsunami Test
Special Section: Transport in Norway

54 pages; ITF, Paris, May 2013
Read in e-reader  or  Go to publication motion magazine 2013 PDF version  [11 MB]
Funding Urban Public Transport: Case Study Compendium

This compendium of case studies on urban public transport funding was developed as an input to the 2013 International Transport Forum Summit on Funding Transport (May 22-24, Leipzig). It serves to illustrate a variety of urban contexts, public transport services and funding mechanisms in a selection of International Transport Forum countries. It was jointly developed along with the International Association of Public Transport (UITP).

Providing public transport services comes at a cost and the compendium reviews how a selection of urban areas meet t his financing challenge. What is clear is that no single financing model emerges, reflecting the great diversity of local situations and needs. It also appears that there is no silver bullet for the funding of public transport and that combining funding from different sources increases the resilience of the system. These urban areas do face different tensions but nearly all find that ensuring the long-term financial stability of public transport operations remains challenging.

76 pages; ITF, Paris, May 2013

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Road Safety Annual Report 2013 (IRTAD)

The IRTAD Annual Report 2013 provides an overview for road safety indicators for 2011 in 37 countries, with preliminary data for 2012, and detailed report for each country The report outlines the crash data collection process in IRTAD countries, describes the road safety strategies and targets in place and provides detailed safety data by road user, location and age together with information on recent trends in speeding, drink-driving and other aspects of road user behaviour.


456 pages; ITF, Paris, May 2013

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  Understanding the Value of Transport Infrastructure: Guidelines for Macro-Level Measurement of Spending and Assets

Transport infrastructure is a critical ingredient in economic development at all levels of income. It supports personal well-being and economic growth. Countries spend considerable amounts of money each year to build, maintain and improve their transport infrastructure. But how much, exactly, does transport infrastructure support economic development and wealth creation? What determines the magnitude of that impact?

Despite the importance of the transport sector, the lack of clear definitions and common practices to measure macro-level transport infrastructure spending hinders accurate measurement of how spending relates to economic growth, leading to less-informed decisions.

This report provides detailed guidance for the uniform collection of data on transport infrastructure spending and assets. It concludes with recommendation and practices for arriving at these critical statistics. The report also discussed the use of these data in impact analysis and benchmarking, ultimately leading to better decision-making.

44 pages; ITF, Paris, May 2013

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Spending on Transport Infrastructure 1995-2011: Trends, Policies, Data

Transport infrastructure is a vital social and economic asset. Its construction and maintenance absorb significant resources while decisions on infrastructure have impacts that last for decades.

 The International Transport Forum has collected statistics on investment and maintenance expenditure in transport infrastructure since the late 1970s. This report presents aggregate trends in inland transport infrastructure investment and maintenance since 1995 and provides data on road, rail, inland waterway, sea port and airport spending for the International Transport Forum member countries for the period 1995-2011.

 In preparation for the International Transport Forum’s 2013 Summit on Funding Transport, a survey was carried out to collect information on transport policies in member countries. The report presents broad conclusions on these policies, as well as on infrastructure performance, funding and strategic plans.

56 pages; ITF, Paris, May 2013

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  Key Transport Statistics 2013

Based on the International Transport Forum’s quarterly transport database this leaflet is published each year in May. It provides the reader with preliminary 2012 data for more than a dozen selected transport indicators as well as total import and export values for ITF member countries. It also presents graphs and a short analysis of the transport activity in the global economic context highlighting the main changes over the previous year.

6 pages; ITF, Paris, May 2013

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Seamless Public Transport for All Seamless Public Transport for All
Proceedings of a joint International Transport Forum/Korea Transport Institute Seminar held in Paris, 6 March 2012


‘Seamlessness’ is a virtue for public transport. It requires integration between routes, schedules, and fares across the different modes providing passenger services. This is never easy as it requires cooperative institutional arrangements, integrated network design and the negotiation of cost and revenue sharing agreements. This report examines policies to make public transport more seamless on the basis of examples of best practice from Europe and Korea.

103 pages; ITF/KOTI, Paris, March 2013

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Go to video interviews from the Seminar

 
Sharing Road Safety: Developing an International Framework for Crash Modification Functions

Almost 1.3 million people die in road crashes every year, and between 20 and 50 million are injured. Road traffic injuries are the leading cause of death among young people between 15 and 29 years of age. Road crashes cost countries between 1 and 3 per cent of their GDP. In the face of these facts, the need for effective road safety policies is undeniable.

Governments can more effectively improve road safety by making better use of indicators that reliably quantify the reduction of crashes due to interventions in the road-traffic system. According to the study, lack of quantifiable evidence about the effects of countermeasures – such as roadway signage, pedestrian crossing treatments, roadway geometric features, etc. – on road crashes is a key obstacle to the advancement of many critical, life-saving road safety initiatives.

Through the use of indicators - so-called Crash Modification Functions (CMF) that provide measures of how interventions affect the number and gravity of road crashes - governments can reduce the risk of taking decisions that have little or no impact on improving road safety.

Dr Steve Lawson, Partnerships and Research Director, International Road Assessment Programme (iRAP) comments: “This is a pathfinding report that reinforces the importance of understanding the effectiveness of road safety countermeasures – it will be useful to practitioners, researchers and policy-makers alike. iRAP’s work towards enabling a world free of high risk roads relies heavily upon reports such as this where best-in-field come together to establish the theoretical framework and add available knowledge to that.”

Go to summary publication (June 2012) 

Other languages:  

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132 pages; OECD, Paris, December 2012
€40 ;  $56 ;  £36 ;  ¥5200 ; MXN720
ISBN 978-92-821-0375-3

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Other languages: Piétons : Sécurité, espace urbain et santé

   
Seamless Transport: Making Connections
Highlights of the International Transport Forum 2012

Seamlessness in transport is the physical expression of one of the megatrends of the 21st century: complete connectivity. Seamlessness is about better connecting people and markets, but also about linking sectors, business cases and ideas. Not least, seamlessness is about the convergence of traditional transport infrastructure with the digital sphere, a process that is already changing the way we think about and use transport.

Seamless transport is a powerful strategic vision for our future. Yet the structure of our transport systems with modal transfers, different ownership, international border crossings and security threats makes overcoming the inherent friction in our transport system a permanent challenge.
This publication condenses the main findings from International Transport Forum’s Annual Summit on 2-4 May 2012 in Leipzig, Germany.

115 pages; OECD, Paris, November 2012

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Other languages: Faits marquants du Forum 2012. Des transports sans rupture.  Cliquer ici pour télécharger   2012 Forum Höhepunkte

 
   
Pedestrian Safety, Urban Space and Health

Walking is the most natural form of mobility; however cities have not always evolved to accommodate the needs of pedestrians and walking has in many cases been neglected in the development of transport systems. Improving the pedestrian environment can contribute significantly to meeting the challenges of climate change, air pollution and health.

This report aims to present decision-makers with hard evidence on the important place of walking in transport policies and provide guidelines for developing a safe environment conducive to walking. This is an essential contribution to creating liveable cities. Every single trip begins and ends by walking.

Go to summary publication (May 2011) 

Other languages: Piétons: sécurité, espace urbain et santé  Peatones: seguridad vial, espacio urbano y salud

Go to Working Group information | Chairman video interview

116 pages; OECD, Paris, August 2012
€21 ;  $29 ;  £18 ;  ¥2700 ; MXN370
ISBN 978-92-821-0365-4

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Other languages: Piétons : Sécurité, espace urbain et santé

 
   
Trends in the Transport Sector: 1970-2010

How have the passenger and freight transport sectors evolved in recent years and during the crisis? And what about road safety? This publication presents data on global trends in the transport sector with up-to-date figures on the impact of the recent economic crisis.

In addition to highlighting major trends in the transport sector, this brochure provides the reader with the latest statistics on transport markets in the International Transport Forum member countries for the period 1970-2010 for all modes of transport.

77 pages; OECD, Paris, September 2012
€28 ;  $39;  £25 ;  ¥3600
ISBN 978-92-821-0371-5

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Other languages: Évolution des transports 2010

   
   
Seamless Transport: Case Study Compendium

Member Countries of the International Transport Forum and International Organisations working in the field of transport were asked to submit examples of good practice in seamless transport as an input to Summit 2012. 50 case studies were received from countries and 44 case studies were submitted by international organisations. Case studies submitted from the countries cover all modes of transport and contain various types of policy approaches including infrastructure investment, cross-sectoral arrangements, regulatory initiatives, technological innovations, and intermodal connections.

There is a good geographical balance of case studies as well as similar projects which allow comparisons among countries and regions.

174 pages; ITF, Paris, May 2012

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Transport Outlook 2012: Seamless Transport for Greener Growth

The mobility projections in this Transport Outlook indicate that global passenger transport volumes in 2050 could be up to 2.5 times as large as in 2010, and freight volumes could grow by a factor of four. Emissions of CO2 grow more slowly because of increasing energy efficiency, but may nevertheless more than double.

The projected evolution of mobility depends on income and population growth, and on urbanization. The relation between framework conditions and mobility is uncertain and not immutable and the Transport Outlook examines a number of plausible policy scenarios including the potential effects of prices and mobility policies that are less car-oriented in urban settings. Low car ownership with increased two-wheeler use and somewhat lower overall mobility results in much lower emissions of CO2.

Mobility policies can slow down CO2 emission growth but cannot by themselves stop it; energy technology is the key to actually reducing the transport sector’s global carbon footprint.

61 pages; ITF, Paris, May 2012

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Other languages: Perspectives des transportd 2011

   
   
Key Transport Statistics 2012

Based on the International Transport Forum’s quarterly transport database this leaflet is published each year in May. It provides the reader with preliminary 2011 data for more than a dozen selected transport indicators as well as total import and export values for ITF member countries. It also presents graphs and a short analysis of the transport activity in the global economic context highlighting the main changes over the previous year.

4 pages; ITF, Paris, May 2012

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Seamless Transport: Making Connections
motion magazine. Issue 2 | May 2012

This issue shines a spotlight on connectivity. Digital technology has given a whole new meaning to the concept, but creating and ensuring physical connections – be it transporting passengers or moving freight – remains the backbone of trade, contributes to economic growth and improves millions of people’s lives every day. One way to think about better connectivity in transport is in terms of “seamlessness”. To reduce the frictions inherent to our transport systems as much as possible is a powerful vision, and also an ambitious one. Transport systems combine different modes, they have a heterogeneous ownership structure and operate under different jurisdictions. Not least, they often cross national boundaries, highlighting the need for international co-operation.

Mobility: On the (digital) move
Urban logistics: Rethinking the last mile
Special Section: Transport in Japan

Go to publication motion magazine 2012 PDF version
   
Road Safety Annual Report 2011
The IRTAD Annual report 2011 provides an overview of road safety indicators for 2010 in 32 countries, with preliminary data for 2011. The report outlines recent safety measures adopted nationally, with detailed safety data by road user, location and age. This edition highlights contributions to the development of road safety policies by the IRTAD Group in 2011, with detailed reports for all member countries on targets and national strategies, including new strategies being developed for the UN Decade of Action for Road Safety.

343 pages; OECD/ITF, Paris, April 2012

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Reporting on Serious Road Traffic Casualties: Combining and using different data sources to improve understanding of non-fatal road traffic crashes

This special International Road Traffic and Accident Database (IRTAD) report was prepared by a Working Group on Linking Police and Hospital Data with a view to identify and assess methodologies for linking different sources of accident data in order to develop better estimates of the real number of road traffic casualties.

108 pages; OECD/ITF, Paris, December 2011

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Transport for Society
Highlights of the International Transport Forum 2011

How can transport provide even more benefits for our citizens and societies? How can all transport modes contribute to growth that is sustainable? Transport Ministers and business leaders, mayors of major cities, top researchers and representatives of non-governmental organisations met together at the International Transport Forum's annual summit on 25-27 May 2011 in Leipzig, Germany, to examine these strategic issues.

This publication condenses their main findings.

90 pages; OECD, Paris, October 2011

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Other languages: Faits marquants du Forum 2010   2010 Forum Höhepunkte

   
   
Trends in the Transport Sector 1970-2009

How have the passenger and freight transport sectors evolved in recent years and during the crisis? And what about road safety? This publication presents data on global trends in the transport sector with up-to-date figures on the impact of the recent economic crisis.

In addition to highlighting major trends in the transport sector, this brochure provides the reader with the latest statistics on transport markets in the International Transport Forum member countries for the period 1970-2009 for all modes of transport. It also describes trends on transport infrastructure investment and maintenance expenditure..

92 pages; OECD, Paris, August 2011
€28 ;  $39 ;  £25 ;  ¥3600
ISBN 978-92-821-0359-3

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Other languages: Évolution des transports 2010

   
   
Car Fleet Renewal Schemes: Environmental and Safety Impacts
France, Germany and the United States

Many governments have subsidised fleet renewal schemes to stimulate consumer spending on cars during economic downturns. Subsidies are often linked to the environmental performance of vehicles, but how effective is accelerated fleet renewal in reducing emissions and can schemes be designed to improve the safety of cars on the road?

This report examines three of the largest programmes introduced in the wake of the 2008 financial crisis, in France, Germany and the United States. It investigates the impact of 2.8 million transactions trading-in old cars for new on CO2 and NOx emissions and on road safety. It assesses value for money and identifies critical design elements for success in meeting environmental and safety objectives. The results of the analysis provide guidance for the design of any future schemes.

71 pages; ITF/ FIA, Paris, June 2011

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Better Economic Regulation: The Role of the Regulator Better Economic Regulation: The Role of the Regulator
Round Table 150

Efficient provision of transport infrastructure is critical to economic growth. The long asset lives of much transport infrastructure indicates governance through regulation, rather than through contract or public ownership. This can ensure predictability in long-term relationships whilst preserving some flexibility to deal with changes in external circumstances.

The transparency created by a fully independent regulator is invaluable for ensuring sufficient investment is forthcoming, while maintaining reasonable conditions for user access. Discussion at the Roundtable focussed on how to achieve effective independent regulation and how to reconcile independence with the legitimate control of policy by the executive part of government.

Go to summary and conclusions publication 

117 pages; OECD, Paris, May 2011
€31 ;  $44 ;  £28 ;  ¥4000
ISBN 978-92-821-0327-2

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Other languages: De meilleures réglementations : Le rôle du régulateur. Cliquez pour accéder à la librairie en ligne de l'OCDE

   
motion magazine 2011 Transport for Society: How can transport better serve its users?
motion magazine. Issue 1 | May 2011

Road Safety: Programmes that work

Urban car sharing: One for all

Financing: Tougher times

Go to publication motion magazine 2011 PDF version
   
   
Transport Outlook 2011: Meeting the Needs of 9 Billion People

The world’s population will reach 9 billion by 2050. Meeting their transport demands will be challenging. As both population and incomes rise, global passenger mobility and global freight transport volumes may triple by 2050. The International Transport Forum’s 2011 Outlook examines these trends, exploring the factors that may drive demand even higher and the limits imposed by infrastructure capacity, fuel prices and policies to accommodate or limit potentially explosive growth of car use in rapidly developing countries

The Outlook traces scenarios for emissions of CO2 from transport and the impact of policies to improve the fuel economy of conventional vehicles and promote the use of electric cars, including implications for fuel tax revenues. Trends in passenger car traffic are given particular attention, examining evidence for saturation of demand in high income countries.

The report also focuses on future directions for trade, as suggested by trends in the current economic recovery.

44 pages; ITF, Paris, May 2011

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Other languages: Perspectives des transportd 2011

   
   
Key Transport Statistics 2011

Published earlier than comparable studies, these statistics provide the most recent figures on selected transport variables in the Forum countries and they throw light on transport activities during 2010.

This edition covers the impact of the global economic crisis on freight transport in ITF countries as well as latest road safety trends. It also contains 2010 data for national and international rail freight transport, passenger transport by rail, national and international road freight transport, road traffic, brand-new vehicle registrations, road fuel deliveries, road fatalities, national and international freight transport by inland waterways as well as statistics on countries' imports and exports in euros.

4 pages; ITF, Paris, May 2011

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Road Safety Performance: National Peer Review of the Russian Federation. 2010 Update

This update of the 2006 report has been compiled under the auspices of the International Transport Forum in partnership, with the World Health Organisation and World Bank and in cooperation with the Ministries of Transport and Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation.

The objective is to review the current road safety performance in the Russian Federation, to reflect upon the many developments since the first peer review and to outline recommendations for possible next steps to enhance road safety. The peer review team has used the findings and frameworks of the ITF/OECD Towards Zero (2008) in this assessment, representing as it does the state of the art in good practice countries in addition to the findings and knowledge base of the 2006 peer review.

39 pages; ITF, Paris, May 2011

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Moving Freight with Better Trucks Moving Freight with Better Trucks: Improving Safety, Productivity and Sustainability

The purpose of this report is to identify potential improvements in terms of more effective safety and environmental regulation for trucks, backed by better systems of enforcement, and to identify opportunities for greater efficiency and higher productivity.

The report is based on a review of literature, consultation among stakeholders, and research and analysis from working group members. It also presents the results of a comprehensive benchmarking study of 39 truck configurations in operation around the world – from typical workhorse vehicles to very high capacity vehicles – and assesses their performance in terms of dynamic stability, productivity and impact on the infrastructure.

Go to summary publication 

360 pages; OECD, Paris, May 2011
€75 ;  $105 ;  £67 ;  ¥9700
ISBN 978-92-821-0293-0

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Improving the Practice of Transport Project Appraisal
Roundtable Report 149

Cost-benefit analysis (CBA) is indispensable for making good decisions on what transport projects to fund. It essentially aims to figure out which projects offer the best value for money. However, the practical relevance of CBA does not always live up to its appeal in principle. One problem is that there is sometimes disagreement over what to include in CBA, both on the cost side and the benefits side of the analysis. As a result, value for money is not always fully transparent. More politically, value for money is only a partial criterion for decision-making, leading to disagreement about the relative importance of the results from CBA compared to other inputs to the decision-making process.

This report examines the extent to which these shortcomings can be addressed. In terms of what to include in CBA, discussion focuses on equity and distributional impacts, productivity effects, agglomeration benefits and external costs. The focus then turns to how best to present guidance on project selection to decision makers. The report includes papers on the way CBA is used in three countries – France, Mexico and the United Kingdom – and how it is evolving in response to changing policy priorities.

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112 pages; OECD, Paris, April 2011
€43 ;  $60 ;  £38 ;  ¥5500
ISBN 978-92-821-0129-2

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Other languages: Améliorer la pratique de l'évaluation des projets de transport   Cliquez pour téécharger

   
   
Stimulating Low-Carbon Vehicle Technologies
Round Table 148

Governments around the world are increasingly intervening in automobile markets to improve fuel economy and reduce emissions of CO2 from new vehicles. This report reviews the rationale for such intervention and examines measures for maximum effectiveness and minimum cost.

The Round Table brought together economists, policy makers and auto engineers with the aim of advancing understanding of why car markets currently fail to deliver sufficient fuel economy. It started by questioning whether any additional measures would be necessary once an appropriate price for carbon dioxide is established via fuel taxes. It confirmed that there are indeed market imperfections that merit additional government intervention. Fuel economy and CO2 regulations are an essential part of the package. The key to maximising the benefits of such regulations is long-term planning. The longer the timeframe, the less industry investment is handicapped by uncertainty.

Subsidies to electric vehicles are more problematic because of the risks of prematurely picking winning technologies and creating subsidy dependence. And electricity production has yet to be decarbonised. However, intervention to steer innovation in this direction is merited so long as the risks of not attaining climate policy targets are seen as higher than the risks of intervention.

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164 pages; OECD, Paris, January 2011
€65 ;  $91 ;  £58 ;  ¥8400
ISBN 978-92-821-0291-6

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Other languages: Stimuler les technologies pour les véhicules à faibles émissions de carbone

   
   
IRTAD 2010 Annual Report

This report provides an overview of safety trends for the year 2009 as well as preliminary data for the year 2010 for 31 countries.

It includes detailed reports for each of these countries, focusing on safety performance since 1970, driving behaviour, national strategies and targets and performance towards these targets..


335 pages; OECD, Paris, December 2010

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Transport Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Country Data 2010

This report provides a brief update of greenhouse gas emission trends from the transport sector and discusses the outcome of the United Nations Conference of the Parties to the Framework Convention on Climate Change held in December 2009 in Copenhagen. It is based on material collected for the OECD-ITF Joint Transport Research Committee's Working Group report on GHG emission reduction strategies which will be released later in 2010.

The report besides providing data on Co2 emissions of ITF Member Countries also includes data on certain non-ITF economies.

79 pages; ITF, Paris, December 2010

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Drugs and Driving: Detection and Deterrence

Driving while impaired by drugs - whether licit or illicit - has emerged as an important road safety issue. This report provides a state-of-the-art review of the role and impact of drugs in road accident risk.

It reviews the legislation, deterrence and roadside detection practices in member countries as well as preventive measures to combat drug use while driving. It provides recommendations on strategies to adopt in addressing this issue, with a view to contributing to a safe system approach and saving further lives on the road.

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Other languages: Drogues au volant. Document de synthèse

110 pages; OECD, Paris, November 2010
€35 ;  $49 ;  £31 ;  ¥4500
ISBN 978-92-821-0275-6

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Other languages: Drogues au volant : Détection et dissuasion

   
   
Transport and Innovation: Unleashing the Potential
Highlights of the International Transport Forum 2010

The International Transport Forum 2010, entitled "Transport and Innovation: Unleashing the Potential", took a close look at the role of innovation in shaping transport systems of the future. It highlighted the crucial importance of innovation in the transport sector for our common future in a globalised world.

This publication condenses the main findings of expert panels and round tables bringing together leading figures from politics, industry, research and civil society.

85 pages; OECD, Paris, October 2010

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Other languages: Faits marquants du Forum 2010   2010 Forum Höhepunkte

   
Safety and Regulatory Reform of Railways

Does deregulation reduce rail safety? Many countries have envisaged or implemented pro-competitive regulatory reforms of their rail sectors. Concerns have been voiced regarding the impact of these reforms on rail safety performance, especially in cases of reforms that have privatised or deregulated state ownership and control of railways.

This report addresses these concerns with a detailed investigation of pre- and post- reform rail safety data in countries where complete and comparable data exists.

55 pages; OECD, Paris, October 2010

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Other languages:  Safety and Regulatory Reform of Railways   La sécurité et la réforme du cadre réglementaire des chemins de fer

 
   
Implementing Congestion Charges
Round Table 147

Recent advances in the scientific understanding of urban traffic congestion have only strengthened the already solid case for congestion charges as an element of a successful urban transport policy. But examples of real-world congestion charging systems remain few and far between. What can be done to improve the chances of their more widespread adoption in practice? This report draws lessons from attempts to introduce congestion charges.

Technology is not an obstacle, and technologies should serve policy purposes instead of define them. Charging systems are not cheap and thus should only be used where congestion is severe. Public acceptance is seen to be the key to successful implementation. Although environmental benefits and careful deployment of toll revenues may improve acceptance, a charging system should never lose sight of its principal aim, which is to reduce congestion.

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Other languages: Mettre en œuvre la tarification de la congestion

147 pages; OECD, Paris, September 2010
€65 ;  $91 ;  £58 ; ¥8400
ISBN 978-92-821-0284-8

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Other languages: Mettre en œuvre la tarification de la congestion

   
   
Trends in the Transport Sector 1970-2008

How have the passenger and freight transport sectors evolved in recent years? And what about road safety? This publication presents the most up-to-date statistics on transport markets in International Transport Forum countries for the period 1970-2008, including charts to highlight the major trends

This brochure provides the reader with first-hand figures on key transport trends. Data are also provided on air and maritime transport as well as on investment and maintenance expenditures undertaken in the transport sector.

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Other languages:  biocarburants : lier les politiques de soutien aux bilans  énergétiques.  Cliquez por télécharger

88 pages; OECD, Paris, June 2010
€25 ;  $35;  £22 ;  ¥3200
ISBN 978-92-821-0271-8

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Transport Outlook 2010: The Potential for Innovation

Growing population, increasing urbanisation and higher incomes will boost demand for transport and put great pressure on transport systems around the globe. This is one of the key findings of Transport Outlook 2010

According to research by the ITF/OECD’s Joint Transport Research Centre, the current crisis has had a relatively greater impact on trade and transport than previous economic downturns. This is reflected in very large volume and price effects, especially in freight transport. For the management of future greenhouse gas emissions from transport, the analysis strongly suggests that technologies to improve fuel economy and ultimately transform the energy basis of transport are the key.

28 pages; ITF, Paris, May 2010

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Other languages:   Perspectives des transports 2010
   
   
Key Transport Statistics 2009

Published earlier than comparable studies, these statistics provide the most recent figures on selected transport variables in the Forum countries and they throw light on transport activities during 2009.

This edition covers the impact of the global economic crisis on freight transport in ITF countries. It also contains 2009 data for national and international rail freight transport, passenger transport by rail, national and international road freight transport, road traffic, brand-new vehicle registrations, road fuel deliveries, road fatalities, national and international freight transport by inland waterways as well as statistics on countries' imports and imports in euros..

4 pages; ITF, Paris, May 2010

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Improving Reliability on Surface Transport Networks

Passengers and freight shippers alike want reliable transport services. Surprisingly, little research has been undertaken in incorporating reliability into the assessment of transport projects despite the increasing importance of scheduling in economic activities.

This report provides policy makers with a framework to understand reliability issues, to incorporate reliability into project assessment and to design reliability management policies. It also explores a range of reliability performance measures. Case studies across OECD and ITF countries provide examples of several core policy tools that can be used to deliver more reliable networks in a cost-effective manner.

The report makes significant progress in identifying appropriate methodology for incorporating reliability into policy and project evaluation, as well as exploring the pitfalls that need to be avoided.

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Other languages: Améliorer la fiabilité des réseaux de transport de surfacee

164 pages; OECD, Paris, May 2010
ISBN 978-92-821-0241-1

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The Future for Interurban Passenger Transport: Bringing Citizens Closer Together: 18th International ITF/OECD Symposium on Transport Economics and Policy

Economic growth, trade and the concentration of population in large cities will intensify demand for interurban transport services. Concurrently, the need to manage environmental impacts effectively will increase. How successful we are in coping with demand will depend on our ability to innovate, to manage congestion, and to improve the quality of transport services. Technological and regulatory innovation will shape the future of transport.

These conference proceedings bring together ideas from leading transport researchers from around the world related to the future for interurban passenger transport A first set of papers investigates what drives demand for interurban passenger transport and infers how it may evolve in the future. The remaining papers investigate transport policy issues that emerge as key challenges: when to invest in high-speed rail, how to regulate to ensure efficient operation, how to assign infrastructure to different types of users, and how to control transport’s environmental footprint by managing modal split and improving modal performance.

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Other languages: Améliorer la fiabilité des réseaux de transport de surfacee

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Other languages: Les perspectives du transport interurbain de personnes

   
   
Effective Transport Policies for Corporate Mobility Management

Many companies and other large employers have put in place initiatives to address the traffic-related nuisances generated by their activities and, in particular, the traffic generated by their workers and customers

Such Corporate Mobility Management (CMM) initiatives are the focus of this report which investigates success factors in individual best practice cases at the company level as well as the roles, if any, public authorities can play in facilitating the uptake of CMM

The report provides guidance to governments on effective strategies for addressing and mitigating the traffic generated by commuter and customer travel.

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Other languages: Améliorer la fiabilité des réseaux de transport de surfacee

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Other languages: Gestion de la mobilité en entreprises: Politiques de transport efficaces

   
   
Integration and Competition between Transport and Logistics Businesses
Round Table 146

Some very large multinational transport and logistics firms have emerged to provide integrated transport services to shippers in the globalised economy. Do these firms escape regulatory oversight from national competition authorities because of their sheer scale? Do they pose additional threats to competition when they merge with or acquire other companies in the supply chain?

The Round Table brought competition experts together with researchers on maritime shipping, rail freight and logistics to identify critical competition issues and appropriate regulatory responses. An examination of the strategies of transport and logistics companies reveals that vertical integration can yield efficiencies but usually reflects a need to improve the use of expensive fixed assets rather than control all parts of the supply chain. This usually explains why shipping lines acquire terminal operators. Horizontal acquisitions, where similar companies serving the same market merge, are more likely to raise competition concerns. Problems are particularly prone to arise at bottleneck infrastructure facilities.

The Round Table report provides an economic framework for examining competition in global transport and logistics businesses, it discusses the adequacy of the remedies available to regulators when competition is threatened and explores the role of competition authorities and Transport Ministries in ensuring markets are efficient.

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Other languages: Améliorer la fiabilité des réseaux de transport de surfacee

184 pages; OECD, Paris, March 2010
€65 ;  $91 ;  £58 ;  ¥6.400
ISBN 978-92-821-0259-6

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Other languages: Intégration et concurrence entre le transport et les activités logistiques

   
   
Transport for a Global Economy: Challenges and Opportunities in the Downturn
Highlights of the International Transport Forum 2009

The International Transport Forum 2009 took place at a very difficult time, with finances drying up, companies failing, supply chains weakened, and protectionism on the increase. There are real fears that the transport sector will be seriously damaged by this sudden and profound downturn, with important implications for economies and societies. One certainty is that transport is more important than it has ever been - in business, in the lives of citizens and in the world economy.

The transport sector is at the heart of globalisation. At the same time it is clear that the crisis does not alter fundamental challenges, particularly for transport to be more sustainable and show more concrete results in the lead up to and after the December 2009 UN climate Change Conference in Copenhagen. This publication condenses the main findings of workshops and round tables bringing together leading figure from politics, industry, research and civil society on key questions linking transport, economic recovery, global trade flows and sustainable development.

110 pages; OECD, Paris, December 2009

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Other languages:  Faits marquants du Forum 2009   2009 Forum Höhepunkte
   
   
Road Safety: Recommendations from Ministers

This CD-ROM contains the Recommendations and Resolutions adopted by Ministers of ECMT (predecessor of ITF) countries over a period of 30 years. It also contains two reports used as a basis for Ministerial discussions on the adoption and on the mid-term review of the target of reducing road fatalities by 50% in Europe by 2012.

The transport sector is at the heart of globalisation. At the same time it is clear that the crisis does not alter fundamental challenges, particularly for transport to be more sustainable and show more concrete results in the lead up to and after the December 2009 UN Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen. This publication condenses the main findings of workshops and round tables bringing together leading figure from politics, industry, research and civil society on key questions linking transport, economic recovery, global trade flows and sustainable development.

CD-ROM; November 2009
Bilingual English/French

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Competitive Interaction between Airports, Airlines and High-Speed Rail
Round Table 145

How should airports be regulated to contain market power? This report first examines whether they need to be regulated at all. It concluded that because regulation is inevitably imperfect and costly, policy makers should establish conditions for competition to emerge between airports in preference to comprehensive regulation, whenever possible.

Economic regulation is sometimes necessary, such as when airports are heavily congested. The report determines which approaches are likely to work best and also assesses strategies for managing greenhouse gas emissions. It finds that although including aviation in an open emission trading scheme could help mitigate emissions efficiently across the economy, it should not be expected to produce major cuts in CO2 emissions in aviation itself.

Finally the report identifies the economic conditions under which high-speed rail can provide a competitive substitute for aviation, revealing the limited relevance of rail to reducing greenhouse gas emissions from this part of the transport market.

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Other languages: Concurrence et interactions entre aéroports, services de transports aériens et ferroviaires

208 pages; OECD, Paris, November 2009
ISBN 978-92-821-0245-9

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Port Competition and Hinterland Connections
Round Table 143

This Round Table discusses the policy and regulatory challenges posed by the rapidly changing port environment. The sector has changed tremendously in recent decades with technological and organisational innovation and a powerful expansion of trade. Although ports serve hinterlands that now run deep into continents, competition among ports is increasingly intense and their bargaining power in the supply chain has consequently weakened. Integration of supply-chain operations on a global scale has greatly increased productivity but raises issues of both competition and sustainability.

Concentration among shipping lines and terminal operators may generate market power. National competition authorities have the power to address this but might not fully appreciate the international dimension. Greater port throughput meets with decreasing resistance from local communities because of pollution and congestion. In addition, local regulation is warranted but made difficult by the distribution of bargaining power among stakeholders. Higher-level authorities could develop more effective policies.

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Other languages: Concurrence et interactions entre aéroports, services de transports aériens et ferroviaires

176 pages; OECD, Paris, July 2009
ISBN 978-92-821-0224-4

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Illustrated Glossary for Transport Statistics

The present fourth edition is the result of continuing valuable cooperation between three organisations (Eurostat, UNECE and ITF), that - through the action of the Intersecretariat Working Group (IWG Trans.) - have put a sustained effort into meeting the need to harmonise transport statistics at the international level.

The Glossary now comprises 735 definitions and represents a point of reference for all those involved in transport statistics. By following the guidance contained within these definitions, a considerable contribution will be given to the improvement in both the quality and comparability of the data.

183 pages; EUROSTAT / UNECE / ITF, July 2009

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Trends in the Transport Sector 1970-2007

How have the passenger and freight transport sectors evolved in recent years? And what about road safety? This publication presents the most up-to-date statistics on transport markets in International Transport Forum countries for the period 1970-2007, including charts to highlight the major trends.

Published earlier than comparable studies, this brochure provides the reader with first-hand figures on key transport trends. Data are provided on air and maritime transport as well as on investment and maintenance expenditures undertaken in the transport sector.

80 pages; OECD, Paris, June 2009
ISBN 978-92-821-0159-9

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Other languages: Évolution des transports 2009 (données 1970-2007

   
   
Truck Parking Areas 2009

This brochure presents the list of truck parking areas in 44 countries, on the Euro-Asian Continent, with their addresses, phone and fax numbers, access to the parking area, tariffs and facilities available.

144 pages; IRU/ITF, May 2009
Multilingual: English, French, German, Russian

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Terrorism and International Transport: Towards Risk-Based Security Policy
Round Table 144

Security is critical to transport systems as they are often appealing targets for terrorist attacks. The significant costs of potential damage make effective security policies a key concern for transport decision makers. This Round Table examines the contribution economic analysis can make to improving security.

The analysis covers the impact of uncertainty in assessing security policies and on the cost effectiveness of security measures in aviation and maritime shipping. Much can be criticised in current policies, which are often seen as unduly expensive and inadequately assessed. This Round Table identifies methods for quantifying the benefits of security measures and assessing their effectiveness, and examines techniques to allocate resources to targeting the highest risks. Applying these techniques would achieve better levels of security with current resources.

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150 pages; OECD, Paris, May 2009
ISBN 978-92-821-0231-2

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Other languages: Terrorisme et transport international : Pour une politique de sécurité fondée sur le risque

   
   
Intermodal Transport: National Peer Review - Turkey

Turkey is growing fast, owing mainly to rapidly increasing trade. In order to facilitate this trade, efficient logistics and transport services are crucial. Yet Turkey is at an early stage in developing sophisticated and modern logistic services and at present is too dependent on road transport. This book argues that Turkey's continuing economic expansion depends on the diversification of its transport modes and especially on the development of efficient multimodal services.

Turkey's role as a hub for Europe, Asia, and the Middle East and as a facilitator of global exchange will be enhanced with a strategy and measures to support a range of intermodal logistic and transport services. This work analyses the current situation and sets forth some of the actions and policies needed to stimulate the development of a truly multimodal transport system.

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Other languages: Intermodal Transport National Review: Turkey

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168 pages; OECD, Paris, April 2009
€50 ;  $67 ;  £42 ;  ¥6200
ISBN 978-92-821-0222-0

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Cognitive Impairment, Mental Health and Transport

This is one of the first publications to deal with international transport policy issues related to cognitive impairment and mental health. It aims to help those who plan, design and run transport systems and infrastructure to understand and find practical solutions to these issues for the benefit of the travelling public as a whole.

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Other languages: Concurrence et interactions entre aéroports, services de transports aériens et ferroviaires

29 pages; OECD, Paris, January 2009
€17 ;  $24 ;  £13 ;  ¥2500
ISBN 978-92-821-0216-9

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