Implementing Integrated Planning Policies

This session will address the strategies adopted by public authorities to cope with energy consumption and CO2 emissions from the transport sector. The initiatives aimed at improving efficiency and reducing emissions taken by market actors (industry) as well as those taken in response to the policies and measures adopted by the public authorities (charging and regulations) will be reviewed, focusing in particular on the experience gained to date. What can be left to market forces and price-setting mechanisms, and in which areas is policy intervention required?

Participants will study the potential benefits - particularly from the standpoint of energy consumption and CO2 emissions - of better management of the transport system. They will consider how better management of demand, the provision of infrastructure and supply of services in all modes can lead to the use of less energy-intensive transport modes (e.g. by facilitating modal complementarity and, as a result, multimodal trips).

The participants will also consider the improvement of vehicle fleet management and green logistics, as well as local and regional initiatives. The implicit idea is that, while admittedly technological progress and innovation must continue in order to improve the efficiency of the transport system, only highly integrated policies will be able to achieve sustainability.

This session will also analyse the efficiency of various fiscal and regulatory levers - regulation, economic instruments such as taxes or charges, and hybrid instruments such as tradable permits - available to public decision-makers to improve efficiency and reduce emissions. Combinations of instruments and the role of communication and consumer information in supporting them will also be considered, together with fields in which further research and innovation is essential.

Participants will discuss whether or not it is possible to introduce similar instruments throughout the sector and which instruments would be appropriate at different administration levers and in different regions.

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