Poster Exhibition
The 2011 International Transport Forum has featured an exhibition of posters displaying innovative research linked to the 2011 theme 'Transport for Society'. A short outline of these posters is presented here and it is also possible to view some of them.
Poster Scholarship
International Transport Forum / Association for European Transport

Clemence Cavoli, University College London, United Kingdom
EU Policies: What is Their Impact on Urban Transport?

The study looks at the impact European Union legislation has had on urban transport policy, planning and operation at the local level. It will examine what the EU has done, and can do, to promote or to hinder sustainable urban mobility, and how this relates to the role played by Member States.

Elisabeth Windisch, Laboratoire Ville Mobilité Transport (LVMT), Ecole des Ponts ParisTech (ENPC), Université Paris-Est, Paris, France
The Uptake of Electric Vehicles: A financial analysis of the territorial impacts of market conditions and policy measures on total costs of ownership in the Paris region

A range of electric vehicle policy-, market condition-, and user/usage specification scenarios is modelled in order to derive total costs of ownership (TCO) of electric vehicles (EVs) compared to conventional vehicles (CVs). Special importance is given to user and territorial characteristics that prove to have significant impact on the TCO. For this purpose the Paris region is used as an example. 
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Poster Scholarship
International Transport Forum / Kuhmo-Nectar

Vincent Van den Berg, Department of Spatial Economics, VU University, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Winning or Losing from Dynamic Congestion Pricing

This paper analyses the efficiency and distributional impacts of congestion pricing in Vickrey's (1969) dynamic bottleneck model of congestion, allowing for continuous distributions of values of time and schedule delay. Our results suggest that, in assessing the distributional impacts of road congestion pricing, it is important to take into account both the distribution of the value of time and of the value of schedule delays, as well as the dynamics of departure time choice.
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Yang LIU, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, USA
Enabling Congestion Pricing: Analysis and design of revenue-refunding strategies

In the past 50 years, an important lesson learned from numerous failed attempts to implement congestion pricing schemes is that public may be more willing to support road pricing if it is Pareto-improving, i.e. reducing the total congestion at nobody's cost. To enable congestion pricing, this study is concerned with the existence and design of Pareto-improving refunding schemes that return part of toll revenues of travellers. The research proposed herein aims to address the following questions: first, what are the distributional welfare effects of congestion pricing scheme on users with different value of time (VOT), and grounded on that how do we know whether or not a refunding scheme exists which guarantees Pareto-improving outcome; and second, when it does exist, how should such a scheme be implemented?
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Poster Scholarship
International Transport Forum / World Conference on Transport Research Society

Cláudia Inês Luis Menino, Instituto Superior Técnico, Lisboa, Portugal
Airport Classification: An important step concerning resource allocation and policy definition

Transport infrastructure investments can constitute a real stimulus for economic growth and development, which justifies the sharp attention given to them by policy makers. Compared to other sectors, the airport business assumes a special role. Despite providing fast services, airports have diverse needs. Public or private resources are scarce and should be used efficiently in covering those needs.
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Eric Njoya, University of Applied Sciences Bremen, Germany
The Role of Air Transport for Social and Economic Development

This paper investigates whether in economies for which unemployment is an issue regulatory reforms in air transport can help improve employment opportunities and economic development. The paper carefully reviews previous studies on the impact of air transport policy on various aspects of the economy and suggests an integrated approach for assessing the contribution of air transport. It concludes that computable general equilibrium models appear to be an appropriate tool.
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Kelly Pitera, University of Washington, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, USA
Emissions Reduction Evaluation in Urban Pickup Systems: A heterogeneous fleet. Case Study

As commercial vehicle activity grows, the environmental impacts of these movements have increasing negative effects on society, particularly in urban areas. Using a local search tool based on the I1 and 2-ops heuristics, a case study was examined to explore the trade-offs between costs, service quality, and emissions of an urban delivery system. While many policies which focus on reducing emissions are more expensive that those that focus only on cost-reduction, implementing the best available solution to the case study examined also improves existing routing.
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2011 Young Researcher Award Participants
International Transport Forum

Dr. Jonn Axsen, University of California at Davis, USA
Interpersonal Influence within Car Buyers' Social Networks: Developing pro-societal values through sustainable mobility policy.

Conventional individual-focused perspectives on mobility decisions suggest only two levers of influence for policymakers: price change and information provision. Although interpersonal influence is known to play an important role in pro-societal mobility decisions, these processes and their policy implications are not well understood. This research identifies five theoretical perspectives on interpersonal influence and applies them to consumer perceptions of plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEVs). The context of PHEV demonstration project where 275 interpersonal interactions were elicited from interviews with 40 individuals in 11 different social networks in northern California. Results suggest that the design of effective sustainable mobility policy requires improved understanding of interpersonal influence and consumer valuation of pro-societal mobility.
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2011 Transport Achievement Award Participants

Arriva Skandinavien A/S, Kastrup, Denmark
Project "Better Bus Ride"

The main feature for a product is standardization: That would be transport from A to B based on a fixed time schedule. Upgrading a product to a service requires customization. Arriva's project - "BEFRE BUSTUR" (Better Bus Ride) in the greater Copenhagen area - puts people first. At Arriva we believe that the experience is indeed the marketing. Instead of manufacturing a transport product, we aim to provide a service - a better transport experience. And in doing so, "BETTER BUS RIDE" incorporates the experts - our clients and drivers. Without significant internal focus, the changes would not be possible. Thus, the way to go has been "inside out" - investing in our personnel and creating a high job satisfaction. For example, Arriva has spent the equivalent of approx. 1500 man days educating drivers, support personnel and managers. Achievements have been:
  • 33% more customers
  • 15% increase of capacity overall
  • 50% increase of capacity on certain lines
  • 97% of clients are "satisfied" or "very satisfied" with the service
  • Massive engagement of customers.
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Other Posters

Raimonds Aronietis, Department of Transport and Regional Economics, University of Antwerp, Faculty of Applied Economics, Belgium
Identifying Approaches for Successful Implementation of Measures for Tackling Congestion on Port-Hinterland Links

The poster presents ongoing PhD research dealing with possible measures that could be used for tackling congestion on port-hinterland links and implementation paths for those measures. The aim is to identify certain conditions under which those measures have a high chance of getting adopted and to be successfully implemented.
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Emilie Berdoulat, Université Toulouse-Le Mirail, Pavillon de la recherche, OCTOGONE-CERPP, Toulouse, France
Can We Prevent Aggressive and Transgressive Driving? The role of motivations, anger disorders and life course in the prediction of unsafe driving

Many accidents can be attributed to aggressive behaviour on the road. Thereby, the objective of our research is to examine the role of motivations, anger disorders and life course in the prediction of aggressive and transgressive driving. The results will allow us to propose a typology of an aggressive driver and create intervention programs tailored to meet unsafe driving.
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Adriana Lobo (Aimée Aguilar presenting), Center for Sustainable Transport, Mexico
Making explicit the Different Layers for Adequate Decision-Making in the Process of Selecting Actions for the Transport System

This discussion focuses on improving the decision-making process as a response to the true challenge of mobility that we face. It offers a way of thinking about some of the key topics within each of the layers involved in decision-making at the strategic level, including attributes of the transport system and regulatory frameworks. This discussion is intended for reflection and to challenge the accepted practice, and is based on CTS Mexico's work with a range of authorities and projects in developing country contexts.

Paresa Markianidou, Department of Transport and Spatial Economics, University of Antwerp, Belgium
The Relation between Trade and Container Flows

The objective of this research is to investigate the variability and future growth of containerised freight flows. This is put into practice by performing trade modelling for the transport sector expressed by container flows. The final output includes freight flow and container flow projections. These are split according to different levels of aggregation - in terms of trade categories and geographical coverage - and different levels of model sophistication - in terms of growth models and dynamic panel models.
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Bronwen Thornton, Development Director, Walk21, Cheltenham, United Kingdom
Making Walking Count: An international framework for the collection, analysis and dissemination of data and techniques for measuring walking

MEASURING WALKING is a joint (informal) project of the European COST Action 358 'Pedestrian Quality Needs' and the WALK21 international conference series. The goal is to "establish a set of international guidelines for the collection, analysis and dissemination of quantitative and qualitative techniques for measuring walking".
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Hightlights of the International Transport Forum 2011: Transport for Society. Click to download
Forum Highlights 2011  Faits marquants du Forum 2011  Höhepunkte 2011