Research Reports



 Cycling, Health and Safety

Many jurisdictions around the world are trying to retain or increase the share of cycling in urban traffic in order to benefit from the many health and transport efficiency benefits. Safety is a key concern and should be accounted for in these policies.

This report of the International Transport Forum's Cycling Safety Working Group monitors international trends in cycling, safety and policy, and explores options that may help decision makers design safe environments for cycling. Key messages relate to strategic goal-setting for cycling policy and managing crash risks while increasing health benefits. The report also discusses how to better capture crash and bicycle usage statistics. The safety impacts of a wide range of pro-cycling measures are examined in detail.

248 pages; OECD, Paris, December 2013
€70 ;  $98 ;  £63 ;  ¥9 100
ISBN 978-92-821-0594-8

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Sharing Road Safety: Developing an International Framework for Crash Modification Functions

Almost 1.3 million people die in road crashes every year, and between 20 and 50 million are injured. Road traffic injuries are the leading cause of death among young people between 15 and 29 years of age. Road crashes cost countries between 1 and 3 per cent of their GDP. In the face of these facts, the need for effective road safety policies is undeniable.

Governments can more effectively improve road safety by making better use of indicators that reliably quantify the reduction of crashes due to interventions in the road-traffic system. According to the study, lack of quantifiable evidence about the effects of countermeasures – such as roadway signage, pedestrian crossing treatments, roadway geometric features, etc. – on road crashes is a key obstacle to the advancement of many critical, life-saving road safety initiatives.

Through the use of indicators - so-called Crash Modification Functions (CMF) that provide measures of how interventions affect the number and gravity of road crashes - governments can reduce the risk of taking decisions that have little or no impact on improving road safety.

Dr Steve Lawson, Partnerships and Research Director, International Road Assessment Programme (iRAP) comments: “This is a pathfinding report that reinforces the importance of understanding the effectiveness of road safety countermeasures – it will be useful to practitioners, researchers and policy-makers alike. iRAP’s work towards enabling a world free of high risk roads relies heavily upon reports such as this where best-in-field come together to establish the theoretical framework and add available knowledge to that.”

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Other languages:  

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132 pages; OECD, Paris, December 2012
€40 ;  $56;  £36 ;  ¥5200 ; MXN720
ISBN 978-92-821-0375-3

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Other languages: Piétons : Sécurité, espace urbain et santé
Pedestrian Safety, Urban Space and Health

Walking is the most natural form of mobility; however cities have not always evolved to accommodate the needs of pedestrians and walking has in many cases been neglected in the development of transport systems. Improving the pedestrian environment can contribute significantly to meeting the challenges of climate change, air pollution and health.

This report aims to present decision-makers with hard evidence on the important place of walking in transport policies and provide guidelines for developing a safe environment conducive to walking. This is an essential contribution to creating liveable cities. Every single trip begins and ends by walking.

Go to summary publication (May 2011) 

Other languages: Piétons: sécurité, espace urbain et santé  Peatones: seguridad vial, espacio urbano y salud

Go to Working Group information | Chairman video interview

116 pages; OECD, Paris, August 2012
€21 ;  $29;  £18 ;  ¥2700 ; MXN370
ISBN 978-92-821-0365-4

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Other languages: Piétons : Sécurité, espace urbain et santé
Reporting on Serious Road Traffic Casualties: Combining and using different data sources to improve understanding of non-fatal road traffic crashes

his special International Road Traffic and Accident Database (IRTAD) report was prepared by a Working Group on Linking Police and Hospital Data with a view to identify and assess methodologies for linking different sources of accident data in order to develop better estimates of the real number of road traffic casualties.

108 pages; OECD/ITF, Paris, December 2011

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Car Fleet Renewal Schemes: Environmental and Safety Impacts
France, Germany and the United States

Many governments have subsidised fleet renewal schemes to stimulate consumer spending on cars during economic downturns. Subsidies are often linked to the environmental performance of vehicles, but how effective is accelerated fleet renewal in reducing emissions and can schemes be designed to improve the safety of cars on the road?

This report examines three of the largest programmes introduced in the wake of the 2008 financial crisis, in France, Germany and the United States. It investigates the impact of 2.8 million transactions trading-in old cars for new on CO2 and NOx emissions and on road safety. It assesses value for money and identifies critical design elements for success in meeting environmental and safety objectives. The results of the analysis provide guidance for the design of any future schemes.

71 pages; ITF/ FIA, Paris, June 2011

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Drugs and Driving: Detection and Deterrence

Driving while impaired by drugs - whether licit or illicit - has emerged as an important road safety issue. This report provides a state-of-the-art review of the role and impact of drugs in road accident risk.

It reviews the legislation, deterrence and roadside detection practices in member countries as well as preventive measures to combat drug use while driving.  It provides recommendations on strategies to adopt in addressing this issue.

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110 pages; OECD, Paris, November 2010
€35 ;  $49 ;  £31 ;  ¥4500
ISBN 978-92-821-0275-6

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Other languages: Drogues au volant: Détection et dissuasion

Safety and Regulatory Reform of Railways

Does deregulation reduce rail safety? Many countries have envisaged or implemented pro-competitive regulatory reforms of their rail sectors. Concerns have been voiced regarding the impact of these reforms on rail safety performance, especially in cases of reforms that have privatised or deregulated state ownership and control of railways.

This report addresses these concerns with a detailed investigation of pre- and post- reform rail safety data in countries where complete and comparable data exists.

55 pages; OECD, Paris, October 2010

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Other languages: La sécurité et la réforme du cadre réglementaire des chemins de fer

Transport Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Country Data 2010

This report provides a brief update of greenhouse gas emission trends from the transport sector and discusses the outcome of the United Nations Conference of the Parties to the Framework Convention on Climate Change held in December 2009 in Copenhagen. It is based on material collected for the OECD-ITF Joint Transport Research Committee's Working Group report on GHG emission reduction strategies which will be released later in 2010.

The report besides providing data on Co2 emissions of ITF Member Countries also includes data on certain non-ITF economies.

94 pages; OECD, ITF, May 2010

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Improving Reliability on Surface Transport Networks

Passengers and freight shippers alike want reliable transport services. Surprisingly, little research has been undertaken in incorporating reliability into the assessment of transport projects despite the increasing importance of scheduling in economic activities.

This report provides policy makers with a framework to understand reliability issues, to incorporate reliability into project assessment and to design reliability management policies. It also explores a range of reliability performance measures. Case studies across OECD and ITF countries provide examples of several core policy tools that can be used to deliver more reliable networks in a cost-effective manner.

The report makes significant progress in identifying appropriate methodology for incorporating reliability into policy and project evaluation, as well as exploring the pitfalls that need to be avoided.

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108 pages; OECD, Paris, April 2010
€35.00 ;  $47.00;  £29.00 ;  ¥4 300
ISBN 978-92-821-0249-7

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Other languages: Améliorer la fiabilité des réseaux de transport de surfacee

Effective Transport Policies for Corporate Mobility Management

Many companies and other large employers have put in place initiatives to address the traffic-related nuisances generated by their activities and, in particular, the traffic generated by their workers and customers.

Such Corporate Mobility Management (CMM) initiatives are the focus of this report which investigates success factors in individual best practice cases at the company level as well as the roles, if any, public authorities can play in facilitating the uptake of CMM.
The report provides guidance to governments on effective strategies for addressing and mitigating the traffic generated by commuter and customer travel.

108 pages; OECD, Paris, April 2010
€35.00 ;  $47.00;  £29.00 ;  ¥4 300
ISBN 978-92-821-0249-7

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Other languages: Gestion de la mobilité en entreprises : politiques de transport efficaces

Towards Zero: Ambitious Road Safety Targets and the Safe System Approach

Many countries have set targets to reduce the number of casualties on their roads. Are these countries on track to meet their targets? What can be done in the immediate and longer term to achieve these targets? Is there a limit to traditional approaches to road safety?

This report takes stock of recent developments and initiatives to meet increasingly ambitious road safety targets. It highlights the management changes required in many countries to implement effective interventions. It emphasises a strong focus on results and examines the economic case for road safety investment. It challenges the better performing countries to do more and strongly recommends the adoption of a Safe System approach with a long-term vision of no fatalities on the roads.

242 pages; OECD, Paris, October 2008

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Other languages: Zéro tué sur la route   Objetivo Cero. Objetivos ambiciosos para la Seguridad Vial y el Enfoque sobre un Sistema Seguro   Russian version
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Other Languages:  Zéro tué sur la route   Russian version 
Long-life Surfaces for Busy Roads

Long-life surfaces could substantially cut the costs of road works, including the delays they cause, especially on congested routes with heavy traffic. These surfaces use new materials that cost more than conventional asphalt and require special handling.

This report presents the results of collaborative research to evaluate the technical and economic potential of the most promising long-life surfaces and assist governments in weighing up the risks and advantages of introducing them on busy roads.

186 pages; OECD, Paris, May 2008

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Other languages:  Des chaussées à longue durée de vie pour routes à forte circulation  

  Transport Infrastructure Investment: Options for Efficiency

Surface transport plays a fundamental role in nearly all social and economic activity. Providing and maintaining the infrastructure consumes enormous resources. Thus, it is essential that this be carried out in the most efficient and effective way possible.

Many options are available to provide surface transport infrastructure - public ministries and agencies, public-private partnerships (PPPs), state-owned companies, private and non-profit entities, and outright privatisation. There are also various means of paying for it, including user charging, subsidies, public borrowing or private financing.

This report examines key principles that should be considered by governments in deciding how to provide and pay for surface transport infrastructure, with a view to best serving societies' needs and employing public resources. It also considers the key issues that must be resolved in making more use of private financing and expertise.

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Other languages: Zéro tué sur la route  

236 pages; OECD, Paris, February 2008
€75 ;  $97 ;  £54 ;  ¥10 400
ISBN 978-92-821-0155-1

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Other languages: Investissements en infrastructures de transport: Vers plus d'efficience