International Transport Forum Transport CO2 Emissions


Greenhouse Gas Reduction Strategies in the Transport Sector (2008) -- Preliminary Report

Key Transport and Greenhouse Gas Indicators: Information by Country

Country Table Key (see notes below for details and sources)

Country Table Key

Albania Georgia New Zealand
Armenia Germany Norway
Australia Greece Poland
Austria Hungary Portugal
Azerbaijan Iceland Romania
Belarus Ireland Russia
Belgium Italy Serbia & Montenegro
Bosnia-Herzegovina Japan Slovakia
Bulgaria Korea Slovenia
Canada Latvia Spain
Croatia Lithuania Sweden
Czech Republic Luxembourg Switzerland
Denmark Malta Turkey
Estonia Mexico Ukraine
Finland Moldova United Kingdom
France Netherlands United States
World OECD ITF Members

Notes on Country Transport and Greenhouse Gas Tables

These tables contain detailed data on Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fossil fuel combustion in member countries of the International Transport Forum.

CO2 emissions from international aviation and international maritime transport are included in national totals allocated on the basis of fuel sales. There is, however, no internationally agreed allocation methodology for these sectors as of yet.

A number of data sources are used in these tables:

  • Population and GDP data are from the International Energy Agency. GDP data is expressed in purchasing power parity (2000 $).
  • Data on transport volumes (passenger-kilometres and tonne-kilometres) are collected from national administrations by the Statistics division of the International Transport Forum.
  • Data on motorisation rates comes from the World Bank.
  • Data on greenhouse gas emissions (and CO2 emissions in particular) come from national reports to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and from the International Energy Agency (IEA).

UNFCCC and IEA emissions data are based on the default methods and emissions factors from the Revised 1996 IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories.

Important Cautionary Note:

There are many reasons why the IEA estimates may not be the same as the numbers that a country submits to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), even if a country has accounted for all of its energy use and correctly applied the IPCC Guidelines. In addition, the IEA presents CO2 emissions calculated using both the IPCC Reference Approach and the IPCC Tier 1 Sectoral Approach. In some of the non-OECD countries, there can be large differences between the two sets of calculations due to various problems in some energy data. As a consequence, this can lead to different emission trends between 1990 and 1999 for certain countries. For more details, visit the IEA web-site.

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